Residents work closely with staff and basic scientists at both TTUHSC El Paso and University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) to fulfill their research requirements. Currently, residents and staff are involved in more than 30 active research projects, from prospective, randomized clinical trials to a number of basic science research projects. There have been over 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals written by residents and staff in the orthopaedic surgery department at WBAMC/TTUHSC El Paso in the past few years. In addition, there have been multiple poster and podium presentations at regional and national meetings, including several at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons. Residents are encouraged to participate in research during their residency, and most will leave the residency programs with several publications. Currently, the orthopaedic surgery residency program requires residents to have two publishable manuscripts prior to graduation.